Tomatoes are categorized as a vegetable, although it has the structure of the fruit. This plant can grow well in lowland and high ranging from 0-1500 meters above sea level, depending on the variety. Tomato plants require soil that is fertile and loose, with a pH of about 5.5 to 7.
In the wild tomato shaped like a clump of trees, their height can reach a height of 3 meters. But once cultivated plant height is no more than 2 meters and are usually supported by stakes or rope to hold against buckling.
Tomato plants can grow well in various media such as open land, hydroponics, and media vertikultur garden pots or polybags. On this occasion we will elaborate on how to grow tomatoes in a polybag. If you want to know the large-scale cultivation of tomatoes in open fields read a general guide to the cultivation of tomatoes.
The selection of plants
Generally, people distinguish tomatoes of fruit shape. There are four groups of tomato that many in the market namely, (1) Tomato fruit or tomatoes granola, rounded shape with the base horizontal (2) Tomato gondol, oval shape is used as raw material for the sauce, (3) Tomato Vegetable, teskturnya hard it feels a little wry, (4) cherry tomatoes, small shape sweet taste sour.
How to grow tomatoes in a polybag not difficult. The first step select the type of tomato and varieties will be planted. Adjust the location where the cultivation of tomato varieties will be chosen, especially for climatic conditions and altitude.
For maximum results, use improved seed from a reputable source. Tomato seeds of various varieties can be found in farm shops. Information about the properties of plants can be found on a label on the packaging of seeds.
How to grow tomatoes in a polybag
How to grow tomatoes in a polybag preferably through the nursery stage first. Seed in the form of seeds should be sown into seed crops. This step is necessary because the seed of new growth require different treatment with plants that have grown large.
Prepare a seedbed and media terlabih first. Select a seedbed that is protected from rain and direct sunlight. Media seedbed can vary, please read how to create a media hotbed for hortikuktura.
The form can be a seedbed nursery, nursery shelves, or polybag seedlings.
For the nursery beds, create an array above the beds to a depth of 1 cm and 5 cm spacing between lines. Then planting tomato seeds in each array with a distance of 3 cm, cover surface and flush to taste.
For nurseries that use ploybag, the contents of the media polybag nursery. If there is no polybag can use seedling bags of leaves (bekong). Then immerse tomato seeds 1 cm deep into the media. distributor jam tangan Then cover the surface and flush to taste. Each polybag quite filled one seed.
Once the seeds are planted, do the watering every 2 times a day with a soft gembor. Be careful when watering not to damage the surface of the seedbed.
Additional fertilization may be given after two weeks with liquid organic fertilizer, compost or NPK. Another treatment that must be done is weeding. Do not let weeds grow in the nursery area. Seedlings of tomato plants ready to be moved from a nursery into a polybag after 30 days, or already have at least 5 leaves.
Before the seedlings are transferred, prepare the planting medium and polybag. Fill the polybags with soil, rice husk and compost in the ratio 2: 1: 1. For more details see how to create a planting medium for a polybag.
There are two ways to grow tomatoes from a nursery into a polybag. First, move the seedlings to be revoked. The trick, flush with water so seedbed planting media become soft. Then remove the plants with care not to plant roots broken or damaged. Then enter the plant vertically on the planting hole is in a polybag. The roots must be perpendicular position should not be bent or folded. Adjust the depth of the planting hole according to the length of the roots.
Second, move the seedlings to be played. The trick tomato plants raised by the media around it. For seedlings from seedbed, pry the plants as deep as 10 cm with a trowel or hand. Then lift and move along with the soil.
For seedlings in polybag seedlings, tear or pull plastic polybag seedlings are then transferred into the soil along with a bigger polybag. Polybag seedlings of plastic can be used repeatedly.
Maintenance and care
Maintenance of tomato plants in polybags or pots relatively easily. Plant health is more controlled as to avoid the spread of disease through the root. Keep the planting medium is not too dry. Flush at least 2 times a day, but do not be too wet to avoid root rot.
Siangi weeds that are in polybags regularly. If there are plants that wilt or die, unplug it immediately and dispose of cropping media not to infect other plants. Another treatment that is needed is pruning shoots and awarding stake as the support of the plant.
Fertilizer plant after one week with compost as much of the handheld for each polybag. Perform the addition of compost every month, or when the plant looks less fertile. When the plants will bear fruit can be added fertilizer or liquid organic fertilizer.
Pests and tomato plants peyakit quite a lot. When seen no pests, pest grab them manually. Discard damaged leaves or stems are affected by pests. Spraying should be done when absolutely necessary. To be more safe for health and the environment using organic pesticides are more natural. Please read how to make organic pesticides.
Tomato plants in polybags can be harvested after three months, depending on the variety. Criteria tomatoes ready for harvest is that changes color from green to yellow-brass or edges look dry leaves and stems turn yellow. Picking carried on mature fruit alone.
Tomatoes are not ripe simultaneously. Perform picking every 2-3 days, do not be too tight to avoid crop damage. Picking the best time in the morning and evening, when the sun is not too hot. Thus a brief description quiet way to grow tomatoes in polybags.
Related Post :