18th March 2015 Cat: Perspectives And Modes Of Treatment with Comments Off

Social Learning perspective

The central thought of the behavioral/social learning perspective is the fact that childhood disor­ders are learned just like that other behaviors are learned. As indicated in Chap­ter 1, the publication of John B. Watson’s essay Psychology being a Behaviorist Views It (1913) set into motion a perspective that will serve as the main rival for the psychoanalytic position. While this perspective has also been deterministic, it differed on the psy­choanalytic paradigm in several key ways. Unlike Freud, Watson emphasized ob­servable events in lieu of unconscious in­trapsychic conflicts. Developed in the psy­chological laboratory in lieu of in a clinical setting, the behavioral perspective heavily emphasized objective empirical veri­fication. Learning and also the influence from the environment were known as the appropriate focus of study. Furthermore, development was viewed being a continuous process instead of a fixed sequence of stages. The as­sumption appeared that learning continues over the life span, and so that “personality” will not be set with a certain age. Fi­nally, unlike classical psychoanalytic theory, the behavioral perspective failed to develop like a single comprehensive theory targeted at explaining all behavior. Rather, several theories, often employing similar lan­guage but each describing a -different aspect with the learning process, were suggested.


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