seek to understand mental disorders in psychological terms. Freud’s theory also drew heavily on biology. Freud was obviously a physician who had educated to be a neurologist. His considering how the psychic system operated was formulated to parallel the workings of biological systems and also to reflect the then-current developments inside natural sciences. Freud’s ideas underwent a number of transitions during his lifetime. The evolution of his conceptualizations is here to be often known as classical psychoanalytic theory. Only a brief description of the complex and highly systematized theory will be presented here. More elaborate and detailed summaries have already been provided by quite a few writers (e.g., Kessler, 1988; Wolman, 1972).
Freud’s theory is deterministic-there is often a specific reason for all behavior, including the most trivial. The principles that describe how behavior is decided are universal, deciding on both “normal” and “abnormal” behavior. Emphasis is offered to intrapsychic factors as opposed to environmental or social influences. Equally important will be the idea that mental processes are unconscious; that may be, based on forces which are inaccessible to rational awareness. The analogy associated with an iceberg, nine-tenths which is below the top, illustrates the benefit placed on unconscious influences.
Although Freud based his theory on clinical observations of adults, he reached view personality and psychological difficulties in kids as well as in adolescents and adults because of problems experienced during the very first five to six years -of life. Since the child can be considered moving via a series of distinct stages of growth, Freud’s theory is developmental, having an emphasis on early childhood. To move through early development and beyond, the person is provided with a hard and fast amount of psychic energy. The theory describes an engaged process of transfer of the energy among various issues with the personality. To explain this’ ongoing transfer, psychoanalytic theory employs a structural and confliet model as being a metaphor with this process.
In this brief discussion, we try to provide an breakdown of the framework Freud employed in talking about the structural-conflict model, stages of development, as well as the development of psychopathology. We first describe the structural system.
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