From the psychoanalytic perspective, the anxiety definition is essential to the development of disordered behavior. Anxiety attack will be the danger signal for the ego that some unacceptable id impulse is planning to gain consciousness. As this signal sets out to reach consciousness, the ego creates disease fighting capability such as repression, projection, displacement, and reaction formation to handle the anxiety symptoms. For example, reaction formation can be a defense where the child develops a behavior that will be the opposite of the initial impulse. signs of anxiety arising from body’s defence mechanism are a compromise between impulses seeking expression along with the demands on the ego. Thus, symptoms of anxiety are disguised expressions of unacceptable impulses. One of Freud’s normally cited cases illustrates the latent (disguised) meaning of any child’s anxiety disorders. These anxiety disorder occurred if your child experienced the Oedipal conflict on the phallic stage.
The case of five-year-old Hans, who had previously been afraid of horses, has served like a model with the psychoanalytic interpretation of childhood phobias (Freud, 1909-1953). Freud actually saw Hans only one time, as well as the case will be based upon treatment through the boy’s father under Freud’s direction. Hans was very affectionate toward his mother and enjoyed chilling “cuddling” together with her. When Hans was almost five, he returned from his daily walk in reference to his nursemaid frightened, crying, and looking to cuddle in reference to his mother. The overnight, if your mother took him for your walk herself Hans expressed a nervous about being bitten using a horse and this evening insisted upon cuddling regarding his mother. He cried about having to go your next day and expressed considerable fear regarding the horse. These symptoms, which continued for getting worse, were interpreted by Freud as reflecting the infant’s sexual impulses toward his mother with his fantastic fear of castration through the father. The ego began its defenses against these unacceptable impulses by repressing Hans’s would like to attack his father, his rival for his mother’s affection.
This was an seek to make the unacceptable impulse unconscious. The next step was projection: Hans thought his father planned to attack him, as an alternative to that he wanted to attack his father. The final step was displacement. The horse was known as dangerous, not the daddy. According to Freud, the choice from the horse to be a symbol from the father was as a result of numerous associations of horses with Hans’s father. For example, the black muzzle and blinders about the horse were known as symbolic with the father’s mustache and eyeglasses. The fear Hans displaced on the horse permitted the infant’s ambivalent feelings toward the dad to be resolved. He could now love his father. In addition, thinking about horses because source of anxiety allowed Hans in order to avoid anxiety just by avoiding horses (Kessler, 1966).
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